Egalitarianism in Halakhah

Egalitarianism in halakhah encompasses a wide range of topics. We studied three principal topics at Kehilat Hadar's Shavuot retreat in 2002 and 2004:

Sources are in the original with accompanying English translations.

Links to other useful resources on prayer in an egalitarian setting are included below.

Among the principal teshuvot (responsa) concerning egalitarianism are those written by Rabbi David Golinkin and Rabbi Steve Wald. It is worth studying these in the original Hebrew, as the English versions available are actually only summaries.

Not all of these teshuvot are in accordance with Hadar's current practice, but all are useful resources.

Teshuvot by Rabbi Golinkin:

Women in minyan and as prayer leaders

Women as Torah readers (and taking aliyot)

Women saying mourner's kaddish

Several short booklets based in part on Rabbi Golinkin's writings are available through the Schechter Institute in Israel. Here are links to the first two pamphlets available on-line:

Halakhic Status of B'not Kohein and B'not Leivi for Aliyot


Birkat Kohanim (Nesiat Kapayim) by women

Contact Rabbi Golinkin at

An excellent resource about women reading Torah in the context of an Orthodox service is R' Mendel Shapiro's article in the Edah Journal:

Additional topics:

Women and Tefillin:

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